The Breeder Blog

Preparing for Whelping: A Comprehensive Supplies List for Breeders

by Phenyx Media on Sep 13, 2023

Preparing for Whelping: A Comprehensive Supplies List for Breeders

The journey of a breeder is filled with awe-inspiring moments and challenges. One of the milestones is the arrival of newborn puppies, a magical, but demanding process known as whelping.

Introduction to Whelping

The Miracle of Birth

Canine birth, known as whelping, is a miracle of nature. It's an event that highlights the circle of life in all its glory. It is a testament to the strength and courage of the mother, and the fragility and vitality of life itself.

Embracing the Challenge

Despite the beauty and joy, whelping also presents several challenges. The process requires vigilance, dedication, and careful preparation to ensure both the mother's and puppies' health and well-being.

The Importance of Pre-whelping Preparation

Anticipating Needs

Just like preparing a nursery before the arrival of a baby, anticipating the needs of the mother and her puppies is key. By gathering all the necessary supplies beforehand, you will be able to act promptly and effectively during the whelping process.

Alleviating Stress

Preparation also helps alleviate stress for both you and the mother dog. With everything in place, you can focus on providing the emotional support your furry friend needs, rather than scrambling for supplies at the last minute.

Understanding the Stages of Canine Pregnancy

pregnant english bulldog

Being familiar with the stages of canine pregnancy will give you a roadmap to what to expect and when to start your whelping preparation.

Early Stage: A Time of Subtle Change

The early stage of canine pregnancy may not show any obvious signs. This is a time of subtle changes as the embryos begin to form. However, it's also the time to start noting the expected delivery date and commence preparations.

Mid Stage: The Shape of Things to Come

Around the halfway point, the mother's belly starts to grow. This is an indication of the puppies developing rapidly in the womb. It's a beautiful phase where you can start feeling the puppies' movements, signaling a robust progression of life inside.

Final Stage: The Countdown Begins

In the final stage, the mother's behavior changes. Her appetite might fluctuate, and she might seek solitude. This stage signals the countdown to the big day, and the time to get your whelping supplies fully ready.

The Must-Have Whelping Supplies

Having the right tools can turn a stressful experience into a joyful one. These supplies serve as your armory for the big day.

The Whelping Box: The Stage for Birth

The whelping box is the epicenter of the event. It needs to be comfortable, easy to clean, and secure for the mother and her newborns. Padding it with comfortable bedding and lining it with waterproof materials can make it a cozy birthing and nursing station.

Heating Pads and Thermometer: The Keepers of Warmth

Newborn puppies cannot regulate their body temperature. Heating pads can help maintain the necessary warmth, while a reliable thermometer monitors the environment's temperature, ensuring it is safe and cozy for the newborns.

Clean Towels and Blankets: The Unsung Heroes

Clean towels and blankets serve multiple purposes. They help in cleaning up during the birth, provide warmth for the puppies, and comfort for the mother. Ensure they are soft, absorbent, and easily washable.

Feeding Supplies: The Lifeline for Newborns

a dog nursing puppies after birth

Though mother's milk is the best nutrition for the puppies, there might be circumstances where you'll need to step in. Feeding supplies like a quality milk replacer, nursing bottles, and puppy feeding tubes can be a lifeline in such scenarios.

Medical Supplies: Your First Line of Defense

While it's always advised to have a vet's number on speed dial, having some basic medical supplies on hand can help you tackle minor complications. Essentials such as iodine for disinfecting puppy's umbilical cords, a bulb syringe for clearing airways, and surgical gloves for maintaining hygiene, can make a significant difference.

Preparing Your Environment: A Sanctuary for Mother and Pups

Creating a safe, quiet, and comfortable environment for the mother and her pups is critical. This involves thoughtful preparation of the whelping room and keeping a calm demeanor.

The Whelping Room: More Than Just a Room

The whelping room should be a sanctuary. It should be warm, quiet, and free from drafts and disturbances. The room should be easily accessible for you but secure from other pets or small children.

Sanity and Safety: Two Sides of the Same Coin

Maintaining sanity and safety go hand in hand during the whelping process.

The Importance of Supervision

Continual supervision is crucial during and after whelping to ensure the mother and puppies' safety. Keeping a watchful eye can help spot and address any issues early.

Caring for the Mother

Apart from providing the necessities, it's important to offer extra care and love to the mother dog. Her health, comfort, and nutrition need to be prioritized to ensure she can care for her pups effectively.


Welcoming a new litter of puppies into the world is a profound experience. The effort and preparation that goes into it make the event even more rewarding. You are not just a spectator but a significant contributor to the miracle of life.


1. When should I start preparing for whelping?

Start your preparation as soon as you confirm the pregnancy. This gives you ample time to gather supplies, prepare the environment, and get guidance from a vet.

2. What should I do if my dog rejects a puppy?

If the mother rejects a puppy, you should intervene by providing warmth and nutrition to the pup. Consult your vet immediately to understand the possible reasons and next steps.

3. How long does whelping last?

Whelping duration can vary greatly, from a few hours to 24 hours. However, if it extends beyond this or the mother seems distressed, it's advisable to seek veterinary assistance.

4. How can I support my dog post-whelping?

Ensure the mother has easy access to nutritious food and water. Keep the whelping area clean and minimize disturbances. Most importantly, provide lots of love and affection to her.

5. How can I know if my dog is having trouble during whelping?

Signs of distress can include prolonged labor without producing a pup, excessive panting or shivering, or discolored discharge. If you notice any of these signs, call your vet immediately.